Reference list

Here you will find an overview of the literature and sources used for the book “Bye bye booze!”. This list of literature is not a scientific bibliography – it is oriented towards the chapters and aims to achieve one thing above all: To give you ideas for further reading.

The respective main headings are the chapters in the book “Bye bye booze!”, in which the literature listed below is primarily referred to. On the following pages you will find summaries of the scientific texts. Some few references are in German – if you want to read more there, the translation site deepl.com does a very good job.


Alcoholics are intelligent, successful and high-income

Alcohol Atlas of the German Cancer Research Center (german)

Alcoholic doctors: existence at stake

From the official journal of the German Medical Association (german)

Health, risk behaviour and consumption of addictive substances among physicians – results of an online survey


Alcoholism – a physical disease

Figures on therapy costs in the USA


The damn addiction memory

Neurotransmitters in alcoholism: A review of neurobiological and genetic studies

The dopamine system and alcohol dependence

What motivates gambling behavior? Insight into dopamine’s role

Book: Alcohol in Health and Disease, S. 213 ff

Endogenous opioid systems and alcohol addiction

Alcohol dependence and the specific methylation of the dopamine transporter gene.


Serotonin: The attack on the happiness system

EEG Finds Brain Differences in Alcoholics

Neurobiology of alcohol dependence

The role of serotonin in alcoholism (german)

Alcohol, anxiety and depression


Relaxation out of the bottle (GABA, glycine, glutamate)

GABA and glycine as neurotransmitters: a brief history

Alteration of glutamate/GABA Balance During Acute Alcohol Withdrawal in Emergency Department: A Prospective Analysis

Glutamate and GABA Receptors and Transporters: Structure, Function and Pharmacology
(The Taylor & Francis Series in Pharmaceutical Sciences)

Enhancement of Glycine Receptor Function by Ethanol Is Inversely Correlated with Molecular Volume at Position α267

The Glycine Receptor-A Functionally Important Primary Brain Target of Ethanol

Glutamic acid and ethanol dependence


Even more stress: cortisol

Increased Salivary Cortisol Concentrations During Chronic Alcohol Intoxication in a Naturalistic Clinical Sample of Men

Effect of Chronic Alcohol Consumption on the Activity of the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis and Pituitary Beta-Endorphin as a Function of Alcohol Intake, Age, and Gender

Alcohol Use, Urinary Cortisol, and Heart Rate Variability in Apparently Healthy Men

Impaired serum cortisol stress response is a predictor of early relapse


Alcoholism may even be hereditary

Drugs, Brains, and Behavior: The Science of Addiction

Genes and Addictions

Epigenetic Modifications, Alcoholic Brain and Potential Drug Targets

Emerging role of epigenetic mechanisms in alcohol addiction

Consuming alcohol leads to epigenetic changes in brain memory centers

Alcohol metabolism contributes to brain histone acetylation


Epigenetik: Schaden im Serotoninsystem

The importance of epigenetics in PTSD


Error in the dopamine system

Genomic Features of the Human Dopamine Transporter Gene and Its Potential Epigenetic States


Does craving come from the intestine?

The Microbiota, the Gut and the Brain in Eating and Alcohol Use Disorders: A ‘Ménage à Trois’?


Alcohol and sleep

Alcohol consumption disrupts circadian rhythm in humans

Alcohol and sleep: What are the effects?

Alcohol and the sleeping brain

Alcohol’s Effects on Sleep in Alcoholics

Sleep, Sleepiness and Alcohol Use

Effect of alcohol on sleep and nighttime plasma growth hormone and cortisol concentrations

Effect of alcohol on sleep and nighttime plasma growth hormone and cortisol concentrations


Alcohol and blood sugar level

Ethanol Alters Energy Metabolism in the Liver

Hypoglycemia and alcohol: what research shows

Ethanol Acutely Stimulates Islet Blood Flow, Amplifies Insulin Secretion, and Induces Hypoglycemia


Alcohol as a nutrient predator/nutrient deficiencies in alcoholics

Book: A molecular perspective

Alcohol abuse leads to nerve damage too via vitamin deficiency

Nutrition and Vitamins in Alcoholism

Alcohol, Nutrition and Malabsorption

Mechanisms of vitamin deficiency in alcoholism

Review of thiamine deficiency disorders: Wernicke’s encephalopathy and Korsakoff’s psychosis

Magnesium deficiency and alcohol consumption

Electrolyte abnormalities in the alcoholic patient

Alcohol abuse: possible role in electrolyte disturbances and renal disease

Alcohol and Gut-Derived Inflammation

Alcoholic Pellagra as a Cause of Altered Mental Status in the Emergency Department

Supply of people over 65 with B12, folic acid, vitamin D and iron in Germany

Calcium and Vitamin D – Physiological Functions and Quantities Needed


Easing the way out with nutrients

Bill W.: The vitamin B3 therapy

Hoffer, Abram, Saul, Andrew: The vitamin cure against alcoholism


Regain your calm: GABA

Relaxation and immunity-enhancing effects of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) administration in humans

The role of GABA in anxiety disorders

Neurotransmitters as dietary supplements: the effects of GABA on brain and behavior

Gamma-aminobutyric Acid Type A Receptors and Alcoholism: Intoxication, Dependence, Vulnerability, and Treatment

Oral intake of γ-aminobutyric acid affects mood and central nervous system activities during stress

Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) transport across human intestinal epithelial (Caco-2) cell monolayers

Gabapentin treatment for alcohol dependence: a randomized clinical trial

Efficacy of gabapentin for the treatment of alcohol use disorders in patients with alcohol withdrawal symptoms

Taurine blocks glutamate increase in nucleus accumbens microdialysis from alcohol-dependent rats

An antidepressant dose of taurine increases GABAA receptor α2 subunit and BDNF mRNA expression in the hippocampus of diabetic rats

Interactions between taurine and alcohol in the central nervous system

Taurine increases dopamine levels in rat nucleus accumbens

Neuroprotective effect of taurine

Glycine reuptake inhibitor for the treatment of drug and alcohol dependence. European patent EP1841418B1

Glycine lowers cortisol levels in animal studies


Phospaditylserine against cortisol

Phosphatidylserine against stress reactivity

The effects of phosphatidylserine on the endocrine response to moderate-intensity exercise

Effects of phosphatidylserine on the neuroendocrine response to physical stress in humans

Anti-stress, behavioral, and magnetoencephalographic effects of an L-theanine-based nutritional drink

Preventive effect of theanine intake on stress-induced impairments of hippocampal long-term potentiation and recognition memory

The Anti-cortisol Effects Of Niacinamide


Boost the joy system again

L-tryptophan: basic metabolic functions, behavioral and therapeutic indications

Tryptophan depletion, serotonin and depression: Where do we stand?

Considering methodological limitations in the evidence base of antidepressants for depression: a reanalysis of a network meta-analysis


Get the reward system up to speed

Tyrosine Hydroxylase and Regulation of Dopamine Synthesis

N-acetyl cysteine is associated with dopaminergic enhancement in Parkinson’s disease

N-acetyl cysteine may support dopamine neurons in Parkinson’s disease: Preliminary clinical and cell line data

N-acetylcysteine for the treatment of psychiatric disorders: A review of current studies


Calm the blood sugar level

l-Glutamine and total protein restore first-phase insulin response and increase glucagon-like peptide-1 in type 2 diabetic patients

Metabolic effects of glutamine on insulin sensitivity


Glutamin und Alkohol

Voluntary alcohol consumption by rats after glutamine administration

Amino acid supplementation and voluntary alcohol consumption in rats

Glutamine in the treatment of alcohol intoxication

Melatonin, melatonin receptor agonists, and tryptophan as sleep aids


Nutrients for long-term healing

Vitamins and minerals for energy, fatigue, and cognition: a narrative review of the biochemical and clinical evidence

The increasingly emerging role of zinc in depression and psychosis

Effects of alcohol consumption on thyroid function

Effects of alcohol on the endocrine system

Liver regeneration with L-glutamine supplementation diet: experimental study in rats

The metabolic regulation of liver regeneration

Mechanism for prevention of alcohol-induced liver injury by dietary methyl donors

Alcoholic liver disease and methionine metabolism

Alcoholism: a molecular perspective

The antihypertensive effect of arginine

Arginine reverses ethanol-induced inflammatory and fibrotic changes in the liver

Arginine treatment for alcoholic hepatitis

Serum levels of iron, magnesium, copper, and manganese in alcoholism: a systematic review

Magnesium deficiency in alcohol dependence and withdrawal